Adenomyosis is a condition where the tissues that normally line the uterus (womb) start to grow within the muscular wall of the womb. This extra tissue causes the uterine walls to thicken which can cause heavy or longer periods as well as pain during the menstrual cycle or intercourse.
An ultrasound or MRI scan may suggest that adenomyosis could be present.
There is currently no cure for adenomyosis however it usually goes away after the menopause. Treatment will therefore depend on how close you are to the menopause, the severity of your symptoms and whether you have completed your family.
Over the counter medication such as Ibuprofen can be used to help ease the pain caused by adenomyosis as in addition to easing the pain it will help reduce inflammation & therefore improve symptoms. Paracetamol may also help if the pain is fairly mild & stronger ‘prescription only’ medications can also be prescribed.
There are a number of different treatment options available depending on the severity of your symptoms & whether you have completed your family.
This minimally invasive procedure destroys the lining of the uterus. Endometrial ablation has been found to be effective in relieving symptoms in some patients when adenomyosis hasn’t penetrated deeply into the muscle wall of the uterus.
If the pain is severe and you are not near the menopause, a hysterectomy may be recommended.